Animal Legal Defense Fund Files Federal Lawsuit Challenging Wisconsin’s Right to Hunt Act

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7/15/17: Wisconsin bear hunter citing Right to Hunt Act as evidence that Wolf Patrol has no right to film his activities on public lands.

Animal Legal Defense Fund Lawsuit Takes Wisconsin to Court for Violating First Amendment

Natalia Lima, 201-679-7088,

MADISON, Wis. – Today the Animal Legal Defense Fund filed a lawsuit in federal court aiming to strike down a recently amended Wisconsin statute which bans photographing, videotaping, approaching or even “maintaining a visual or physical proximity” to a hunter. The organization argues the law unconstitutionally restricts free speech and violates the First Amendment.

Today’s lawsuit claims the law’s restrictions violate the First Amendment – the same constitutional rights two federal judges ruled had been violated by Idaho’s and Utah’s Ag-Gag statutes. Just like these Ag-Gag laws, the Wisconsin statute at issue in today’s lawsuit is unconstitutional for suppressing speech critical of animal exploitation.


“The First Amendment guarantees journalists and activists the right to record and distribute truthful information on important public issues, including the inhumane treatment of wildlife at the hands of hunters,” says Animal Legal Defense Fund Executive Director Stephen Wells. “This statute tramples those rights to protect those who would prefer to prey on animals in secrecy.”

The Animal Legal Defense Fund argues the statute’s purpose and effect is to suppress critics of hunting. In addition to criminal penalties, the law subjects violators to civil lawsuits brought by the hunters and trappers themselves.

The three plaintiffs in the lawsuit, represented by attorneys from the Animal Legal Defense Fund and a Milwaukee-based law firm, are Wisconsin residents who, as a documentarian, journalist and activist, rely on the types of monitoring the expanded statute now prohibits. The plaintiffs say hunters in the state have already been emboldened by the amended statute, leading to more frequent and aggressive confrontations.

Monitoring hunting activity provides vital information to the public, including evidence of trespassing on closed trails, use of illegal baits and traps and even illegal poaching of federally protected gray wolves. It also documents troubling conflicts between wolves and hunting dogs, especially dogs used by bear hunters. When hunters release dogs into wolf territory, high numbers of dog deaths result. In retaliation, wolves are sometimes killed by hunters. Yet none of these issues would be known if not for the monitoring efforts of the plaintiffs.

“Threatening citizens with criminal and civil liability for constitutionally protected conduct amounts to declaring open season on free speech,” says Wells.

One of the plaintiffs in the lawsuit, Joe Brown, is a filmmaker and educator based at Marquette University in Milwaukee. Brown’s current documentary work centers around a group called Wolf Patrol – a group of volunteers who work to monitor hunting in the United States. The Wisconsin law, with its prohibitions on filming and observing hunters, has directly impacted Brown’s work. More information about Brown’s upcoming film is at